Genetic testing is a sophisticated technique for diagnosing disease in humans, by directly analyzing the DNA.
Why is it good to do a genetic test?
With the development of new diagnostic methods, especially DNA sequencing, the emergence of genetic tests is rapidly expanding for various diseases: psychiatric disorders, autism, autoimmune diseases, neuromuscular diseases, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophies, malignancies, and even risk testing for cardiovascular diseases. People who are offered genetic tests often ask the standard question: “What do I get out of it? “ You get a genetic diagnosis. You get information about which gene has been altered and is causing the disease. The next question is, “What about that?”
You get a lot from genetic testing:
- More effective therapy – if you know exactly which gene is damaged, then you also know which molecule has been changed and that is why the organism suffers the consequences. So you are entering the cause of the condition and not treating the consequences. Today, symptomatic consequences are mostly treated, not the cause of the disease. This provides an opportunity to pinpoint the cause and to adequately treat that cause. This gives the patient the right personal, personal, typical therapy because he has a unique genetic change. This makes the therapy much more successful and effective.
- Disease prognosis – by seeing the real cause of the disease, you can more effectively see the course and development of the disease and plan your life accordingly. You simply get information about how the disease can develop in the future.
- Progeny planning — in a significant number of cases, people with developmental disabilities plan their offspring. And what should they do, whenever possible. But what bothers and deters them is: What is the risk to the offspring? That’s right, if there is a genetic diagnosis, it is safe to plan offspring through prenatal diagnosis.
Genetic tests currently available
Currently, according to GeneTest data, 79,007 genetic tests are available for 4,553 diseases, and new tests are added every day. Not one lab or clinic does all the tests. Below are the diseases and conditions for which genetic tests are currently available. And all the information about the test for a specific disease or condition that interests you can be found on the page “Your questions” of this site or through our social media outlets GENEINFO. Two approaches are presented below:
First approach-typical diseases and tests
II PRISTUP – detaljniji pregled bolesti i testova po abecednom redosledu